Polio is a viral problem brought about by means of the poliovirus, which basically impacts the worried device. The virus enters the frame throughout the mouth and throat and will next unfold to the worried device, the place it could purpose numerous levels of nerve harm. The severity of nerve harm can range from individual to individual. In line with Dr Praveen Sharma, who’s a Marketing consultant Neurologist, at Apollo Health facility, HSR Sequence, “In some cases, polio may cause only mild or no symptoms at all, while in others, it can lead to significant nerve damage, resulting in symptoms such as muscle weakness, paralysis, and even permanent disability.”
“This damage occurs because the virus can attack and destroy motor neurons in the spinal cord, which are responsible for controlling muscle movement.
Children are affected most frequently. It presents with fever, headache and neck stiffness followed by paralysis,” he added.
How Polio Casues Nerve Harm In Kids?
Dr. Gaurav Jawa who’s a Senior Marketing consultant- Neonatologist and Paediatrics at Apollo Cradle and Childrens Health facility, Chirag Enclave- Pristine Delhi mentioned, “Polio, short for poliomyelitis, is a viral infection caused by the poliovirus, which primarily affects the nervous system. Children are more prone to polio infection because they are immature but polio is a highly contagious viral infection primarily transmitted through the fecal-oral route, and its effects on the nervous system can be particularly devastating, especially in pediatric cases.”
“The poliovirus primarily targets the nervous system, specifically the motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem. Motor neurons are responsible for transmitting signals from the brain to muscles, allowing for voluntary muscle movement. When a child becomes infected with polio, the virus enters the bloodstream after initial replication in the gastrointestinal tract,” he went on to mention.
“Within the central nervous system, the poliovirus attacks and damages motor neurons. This damage disrupts the transmission of signals from the brain to the muscles, leading to muscle weakness and, in severe cases, paralysis. The extent of nerve damage can vary, with some children experiencing mild weakness while others may suffer from complete paralysis,” he added.
Additonally, Dr. Gaurav mentioned that during sure cases, the poliovirus too can impact the neurons answerable for controlling important purposes corresponding to respiring, eminent to breathing paralysis. This can be a life-threatening complication of polio that calls for instant clinical intervention, frequently involving mechanical air flow.
Dr Rajeev Santhosh, who’s a Marketing consultant & Manage of Neonatology, at Fernandez Health facility concluded by means of pronouncing, “Polio is a highly contagious viral disease caused by the poliovirus. The primary symptoms of polio often include fever, fatigue, muscle weakness, and paralysis. Although vaccines have been developed to prevent polio, those who contract the virus and develop symptoms may still experience nerve damage. This damage can be permanent, leading to lifelong disabilities. Paralysis occurs in one in 150 infections. Routine immunisation against the virus, supplementary immunisation campaigns known as Pulse Polio rounds, and Immunisation of all children under 5 years of age along with constant surveillance would help us keep this dangerous virus away from causing lifelong damage.”
[Disclaimer: The information provided in the article, including treatment suggestions shared by doctors, is intended for general informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.]
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