Robot liver transplant: When and who must do it? | Condition newsfragment

A robot liver transplant is a stunning choice when in comparison to typical liver transplant surgical procedure the place generally, surgeons shoot liver transplants to change a malfunctioning or injured liver because of liver failure with a wholesome one however in a robot liver transplant, the substitute process is performed the usage of automatic hands in lieu than the surgeon’s palms or laparoscope. This manner renders the surgical procedure considerably much less invasive in comparison to alternative varieties of liver transplant surgical procedures, bettering surgical precision and effects.

Robot liver transplant: When and who must do it? (Freepik)

When and who must do a robot liver transplant?

In an interview with HT Way of life, Dr Gaurav Chaubal, Director of Liver, Pancreas, Gut Transplant Program and HPB Surgical treatment at World Hospitals in Parel, spoke back, “These high-precision surgeries, often regarded as a soothsayer for complex hepatic ailments, are most effective on those grappling with disorders including hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer), cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), and biliary atresia that may lead to serious liver impairment. Deciding when to undergo a robotic liver transplant can be tricky but is typically suggested for patients who are at stage 3 or higher in chronic diseases or mostly guided by serious or life-threatening damage inflicted upon the patient’s liver functions.”

How is the affected person ready for this sort of transplant?

Dr Gaurav Chaubal distinguishable, “Before undergoing a liver transplant, your doctor will review your health history and conduct various tests. If you are deemed healthy enough, a compatibility test may be carried out if the organ is from a live donor to avoid any potential rejection. The doctor will instruct you to abstain from eating at least 6 hours prior to the operation. On the day of the procedure, the expert team of doctors will explain it in detail and take note of your recent meal intake. Also, the heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration rate will be monitored before being transferred into the operating room.”

How is a robot liver transplant is performed?

In keeping with Dr Gaurav Chaubal, “Liver transplants are only considered for individuals suffering from incurable complications such as cirrhosis due to end-stage liver diseases. The healthy liver required for the procedure can be obtained from a deceased (cadaveric or non-living) donor or a living person. Robotic liver transplant surgery involves the use of mechanical arms that create smaller cuts than traditional open or laparoscopic surgeries. This method is employed to remove the liver from the donor (a process known as hepatectomy) and implant it into the recipient (the transplant process). Initially, surgical markings are made on the abdomen of both parties involved, after which minor incisions enable the insertion of instruments by mechanical arms.”

He added, “These incisions also allow for a camera arm’s movement, providing a three-dimensional view of the operation area. With these arms’ help, he/she meticulously detaches the diseased liver from surrounding blood vessels, organs, and structures before securing it. The mechanical arms then extract this damaged organ and replace it with a healthy one, reconnecting them to nearby structures and blood vessels. Once blood circulation is reestablished and any remaining bleeding has ceased, sutures are used to close up incisions before applying sterile dressing at the operation site. Post-operation monitoring takes place over several days to ensure there’s no infection while also evaluating whether or not the body has accepted its new organ.”

The advantages:

Dr Gaurav Chaubal defined, “Gone are the days when liver transplant surgeries required large incisions, led to longer hospital stays, and came with significant risks of complications. The advent of robotic liver transplants is revolutionizing this space offering a plethora of benefits that contribute towards better patient outcomes and improved quality of life post-surgery. Robotic liver transplants ensure precision.”

He elaborated, “This technology-driven approach provides surgeons with unparalleled 3D visualization which opens up the avenue for more precise movements. Moreover, less intrusion into the body means fewer chances for infection, reduced pain levels, and lightning-fast recovery times. Patients can get back on their feet sooner than expected and reclaim their livelihoods swiftly and smoothly.”

Apply-up and medication next the transplant:

Dr Gaurav Chaubal concluded, “You will be required to go for regular check-ups and follow-ups as suggested by the hospital. The doctor will explain to you about when to eat solid food. Even after recovering, you will have to follow a well-balanced diet, abstain from alcohol, smoking, or illicit drugs, sleep well, maintain an optimum weight, and take medications prescribed by the doctor only.”

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